Global Portuguese Language Day – 5th May

 

What is the Portuguese Language?

Portuguese language history, comes from  2000 years ago, when the Romans arrived to the Iberian Peninsula According to Culture Trip. The Portuguese Language has been influenced by Arabic.  Nowadays,  Portuguese has around 400-800 words of Arabic Origin. Since, the Arabic Moors invaded the Iberian Peninsula  until the Reconquista in the 13th century, it is no surprise that Portuguese language has Arabic Influences. However, the  modern Portuguese language  roots, come from the North-western Spain, Galicia.  The language of Galician was a mix of local dialects and Latin, and in the 14th century, the Portuguese language emerged as a descendent language.

 

What group of  language does Portuguese belong to ?

Portuguese belongs, to Romance languages, according to Babel magazine

Other Romance languages are: Spanish, Italian or French.

 

 

How many people speak Portuguese?

According to Babel Magazine, there are 258 million speakers, and it’s the ninth most spoken language in the world.

 

Which countries speak Portuguese as an official language?

According to Babel, Portuguese is the official language of the following countries:  Portugal, Brazil, Angola, Guinea-Bissau, East Timor,  Equatorial Guinea, Macau, Cape Verde, Mozambique and São Tomé and Príncipe.

 

What are the CPLP?

The CPLP (Community of Portuguese-speaking Countries) is a community of countries and people, who speak Portuguese as an official language. According to Republica Portuguesa, the community was founded in 1983, when the Portuguese Foreign Affairs Minister decided to hold summits and meetings with Portuguese language countries. In their first meeting the  Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Portugal and São Tomé and Príncipe heads of government, decided to create the International Language Institute to promote the Portuguese Language.

The CPLP had two enlargements. The first one happened, after the ascension of the East Timor in 2002, and the second happened in 2016, when Equatorial Guinea, became a member of the CPLP.

Today the countries, who belong to the CPLP community are: Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Portugal, São Tomé and Príncipe, and East Timor.

 

What are the PALOPS?

The PALOPS  is an abbreviation  for Portuguese-Speaking countries in Africa.  The countries that belong to the PALOPS are: Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial-Guinea, Mozambique and São Tomé and Príncipe.

 

Has Portuguese got differences?

Yes. Specially in pronunciation, according to Mondly. The main differences are between the European and in the Brazilian Portuguese. Brazilians spell the vowels longer and wilder,  while the Portuguese tend to pronounce words with a more closed mouth, without  pronouncing the vowels as much as the Brazilian. There are differences in the accents as well. Brazilians have a slower speech rate, which is easier to understand, while European Portuguese speakers eliminate unstressed vowels, pronouncing only the stressed vowels. There are differences in grammar and spelling. Brazilians tend to convert nouns into verbs. Vocabulary. Similar to the British and American English, Portuguese has different vocabulary words in the two countries.  For instance: to have a nap

Brazilian Portuguese- cochilo

European Portuguese- sesta

 

Where can I learn Portuguese?

If you wish to learn European Portuguese, then you should contact the Camoes Instituto da Cooperacao e da Lingua Portuguesa, which offers a wide range of course from self learning courses to a more specific condition such as Business or Work and even Advanced Courses for translation purposes. If you wish to learn Brazilian Portuguese,  you should contact  Rio and Learn located in Rio de Janeiro. You can either go to Rio de Janeiro, or attend lessons online, wherever you are.

 

 

When is the international day of Portuguese Language?

According to UNESCO, World  Portuguese Language Day is celebrated on 5th May.

The date 5th of May was established in 2009 by the CPLP.

 

Facts

If you are wondering about some benefits of learning Portuguese , take in account this:

According to UNESCO:

  • Portuguese is one of the languages that is most widespread around the world.-
  • More than 265 million speakers in all the continents
  • Most spoken language in the Southern hemisphere
  • Portuguese development is increasing .
  • Today Portuguese , remains a language of international communication with a strong geographical projection.

 

 

Happy Global Portuguese Language Day!

Feliz Dia Internacional Da Lingua Portuguesa