WHAT DOES STDs MEAN?

Sexually Transmitted diseases (STDs) also called Sexually transmitted infections or venereal diseases are diseases that can be spread through vaginal, anal, and oral sex. The greatest occurrence of STIs is related to about eight common pathogens. Examples are Chlamydia, Syphilis, Gonorrhea, Trichomoniasis which are curable, and Hepatitis B, Herpes Simplex Virus, HIV, and Human Papillomavirus which are incurable infections. STIs are sexually contracted and the causative organisms might pass through the blood, semen, vaginal, and other body fluids.

SOME FACTS ABOUT STDs

  • More than 1 million sexually transmitted infections are acquired everyday worldwide
  • The majority of STIs have no symptoms or only mild symptoms that may not be recognized as an STI.
  • More than 290 million women have a human papilloma virus (HPV) infection
  • STIs such as HSV type 2 and syphilis can increase the risk of HIV acquisition.
  • Each year, there are an estimated 376 million new infections with 1 of 4 STIs: chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis and trichomoniasis. (Source: WHO)

RISK FACTORS

  • Having unprotected sex
  • Sexual contact with multiple partners
  • History of STIs
  • Injecting drugs

CASE STUDY ABOUT STDs

  • In a new study from the University of Cincinnati, Northwestern University and the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, a genetically modified variant of the herpes simplex virus outperformed a leading vaccine candidate
  • A Swedish-Finnish research published it in the journal of infectious sciences that it is possible to eradicate the most oncogenic forms of HPV, but only if both girls and boys are vaccinated
  • New research suggests that a single dose of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is as effective as the multiple doses to avoid pre-invasive cervical disease which can later evolve into cervical cancer

PREVENTION

  • Abstain from sexual activity
  • Stay with one uninfected partner
  • Get vaccinated
  • Use condoms consistently

🌍Rest of the world team🌏

Author: Ayomide Timilehin Kayode

@theplainpen